Traditionally arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) were placed surgically, but with the advent of devices such as the WavelinQ and Ellipsys, percutaneous options now exist. The implication of percutaneous AVF placement for patients is prolonged fistula placement, and reduced complications.
Carl Arrhenius was indulging his interest in gunpowder in search of new combustible elements near a mine. He noticed a most unusual band of dark, heavy metal running in the rock. Little did the lieutenant know that his discovery would later serve as the foundation of one of the most fashionable and fascinating procedures in Interventional Radiology.