Is Long-Term Anticoagulation Required after Stent Placement for Benign Superior Vena Cava Syndrome?

Author: Rei Mitsuyama, MS3, Brown University Introduction Benign superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is caused by nonmalignant obstruction of the SVC. The most common causes are long-term central lines, long-term cardiac devices, and fibrosing mediastinitis. Symptoms may include headache, facial swelling, and upper limb edema which may present acutely or Read more…

Tunneled Internal Jugular Hemodialysis Catheters: Impact of Laterality and Tip Position on Catheter Dysfunction and Infection Rates

Author: Rayan Abboud, MS, Medical Student, Wake Forest School of Medicine Editor: Justin Foster, MD, PGY-4 Rochester Regional Health, Rochester, NY Introduction In patients in need of intermediate or long-term hemodialysis, tunneled hemodialysis catheters [1] are initially used until arteriovenous access (e.g. fistula) can be established. Like other central venous Read more…

Association of PI3K Pathway Mutations with Early Positron-Emission Tomography/CT Imaging Response after Radioembolization for Breast Cancer Liver Metastases: Results of a Single-Center Retrospective Pilot Study

Mahati Mokkarala, Washington University School of Medicine, 2019 Editor: Justin Foster, MD, PGY-4 Rochester Regional Health, Rochester, NY Introduction:   Multiple studies have shown that breast cancer genomic profile can affect metastatic breast cancer treatment effectiveness. Breast cancer gene mutations have been linked towards increased radiation therapy resistance. This JVIR Read more…

Percutaneous Cryoablation of Solitary, Sporadic Renal Cell Carcinoma: Outcome Analysis Based on Clear-Cell versus Papillary Subtypes

Yang (John) Qiao, Texas A&M University College of Medicine, 2019 Editor: Justin Foster, MD, PGY-4 Rochester Regional Health, Rochester, NY Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is an oncologic disease originating from the cells lining the small tubes of the kidney, the functional filtration organs of the body.  Symptoms of RCC can Read more…

An Injectable Shear-thinning Biomaterial for Endovascular Embolization

Written by Christopher Johnson, PhD, Emory University, 2020 Edited by ­Savannah Fletcher, MD, PGY-1 Definitions Shear thinning biomaterial (STB): This paper expands upon previous investigations of a biocompatible biomaterial made of porcine gelatin and silicon nanoparticles that spontaneously form a hydrogel upon mixing, due to electrostatic interactions between the two Read more…